Because I want to get back on topic here's the spoon feed.
You substitute that wolrd view with one that makes sense in the real world.
I recommend the bell curve because thinking on that accounts fot all possibilities. Useful for those stuck in a spot.
And ROOT PROBLEMS what is a symptom what is generating the problem.
Here's how you do it.
Remeber to be a listener first and foremost. You are constructing it with him. WITH. You want them to get somewhere, but yoy want them to walk to the water themselves so they can bask in victory and drink the water.
This is a Collaboration.
Ask what he knows about _THINGY_HERE_.
Probably not a lot.
"THINGYHERE sounds like a problem, and I may sound (arrogant, obnoxious, pompous, whatever) I think I have something that might help, but it'll take some time to cover."
Here is where you go to the root of the problem switching world views.
First foundation of truth, the fuck is a bell curve and why statistics is basically everyone for different sets of people.
This is to expand and 'compliment' that world view because yes there is a teeny tiny small part of whatever description a 'THINGYHERE' is.
Second with the bell curve you can now give it context. That 'THINGYHERE' applies to this subset of people with these subsubset of problems.
Remeber you on constructing it WITH him. That means he has to do some work too.
Third you get to the root of the problem(s).
For 'THINGYHERE' it sounds like from a point of view of (SCIENCE, PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY, GENETICS, MATHEMATICS, FUCKIT) that some of those problems stem from there BECAUSE in (WHATEVER FIELD) common symptoms are _____ while it isn't always the case that can be helpful in remedying the root problem. At least getting closer to root problems.
Four How root problems connect and what can be done about it.
"So 'THINGYHERE' will go away or at least be more easily dealt with when ROOTPROBLEM is addressed."
Part of the path to the problem may be other people don't get what the problem is so they do solutions that aren't 'fixing' the right problem. So they make ripples too that don't actually work.
Having the tools to find the truth is paramount. That means both BOTH parties have to listen and work togther.
Make this FUN and EXCITING. It has to be fun talking together and working on fixing the fucked up thinking and 'problem'.
Take breaks every five to twenty five minutes for at least five minutes to just have some good quality friend time. Unless they are really invested and is having fun doing this.